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It’s time to enjoy an active, burden-free retirement with independent living options at Sugar Hill in Wolfeboro, New Hampshire.

24 March, 2017

Are You at Risk for Kidney Disease?

In honor of National Kidney Disease Awareness Month, we’d like to proclaim the amazing actions of these organs. We’ve also included a few quiz questions along with information about how you can avoid kidney disease.

The bean-shaped kidneys, which are about the size of a fist, are located just below your rib cage on each side of your spine. Every day, your 2 kidneys filter up to 150 quarts of blood to produce as much as 2 quarts of urine. They filter all the blood in your body every 30 minutes.

1. How much urine do your kidneys produce each day? (more than one is correct)

a. 1-2 quarts

b. 3-4 quarts

c. 5-6 quarts

d. It depends on how much you drink

The kidneys not only prevent the buildup of wastes and extra fluid, they keep levels of electrolytes, such as sodium, potassium, and phosphate, stable. They also make hormones that regulate blood pressure, make red blood cells, and keep bones strong.

2. The kidneys produce hormones that

a. regulate blood pressure

b. regulate growth

c. make red blood cells

d. activate Vitamin D for healthy bones

Kidney Disease Is on the Increase

Kidney disease is the ninth leading cause of death in the U.S. More than 10% of the U.S. population has chronic kidney disease (CKD). 90% of people who have moderately decreased kidney function (stage 3 CKD) do not know it.

3. What’s the leading cause of kidney failure?

a. high blood pressure

b. autoimmune diseases

c. diabetes

d. lupus

Would You Know If You Have Chronic Kidney Disease?

Symptoms of kidney disease include:

  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Difficult or painful urination
  • Foamy urine
  • Pink or dark urine (blood in urine)
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased need to urinate (especially at night)
  • Puffy eyes
  • Swollen face, hands, abdomen, ankles or feet

4. If you’re at risk for kidney disease, you should:

a. engage in regular preventive measures

b. consult a kidney doctor on a regular basis

c. test for kidney disease on a regular basis

d. take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen and aspirin

Risk Factors for Chronic Kidney Disease

Scientists have identified some factors common to people with CKD. Risk factors for kidney disease include:

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Being African-American, Native American or Asian-American
  • Family history of kidney disease
  • Abnormal kidney structure
  • Older age (60 and older)

5. What’s a kidney doctor called?

a. endocrinologist

b. nephrologist

c. hepatologist

d. perinatologist

How to Prevent Kidney Disease

Even if you do have risk factors for kidney disease, you can lower your chances of developing it by following the Centers for Disease Control’s advice:

  • Keep your blood pressure below 140/90.
  • Stay in your target blood sugar range if you have diabetes
  • Get active to control blood pressure and blood sugar levels.
  • Lose weight if you're overweight.
  • Get tested for CKD regularly if you're at risk.
  • Take medications as instructed.
  • Ask your doctor about ACE inhibitors and ARBs, which may protect your kidneys and lower your blood pressure.
  • If you smoke, quit, because smoking can worsen kidney disease and interfere with medication that lowers blood pressure.

Answers to Quiz Questions:

1. How much urine do your kidneys produce each day? (more than one is correct)

a. 1-2 quarts

b. 3-4 quarts

c. 5-6 quarts

d. It depends on how much you drink

Both are correct. Your usual output is 1 to 2 quarts, but that will vary depending on how much you drink and how much you sweat.

2. The kidneys produce hormones that

a. regulate blood pressure

b. regulate growth

c. make red blood cells

d. activate Vitamin D for healthy bones

3. What’s the leading cause of kidney failure?

a. high blood pressure

b. autoimmune diseases

c. diabetes

d. lupus

All four are causes, but diabetes causes 44% of all new cases of kidney failure. High blood pressure causes over 28%. Approximately 1 in 3 adults with diabetes and 1 in 5 adults with high blood pressure could have kidney disease.

4. If you’re at risk for kidney disease, you should:

a. engage in regular preventive measures

b .consult a kidney doctor on a regular basis

c. test for kidney disease on a regular basis

d. take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen and aspirin

Your doctor can check kidney function by checking for protein in your urine and creatinine in your blood and also using creatinine levels to calculate your glomerular filtration rate.

5. What’s a kidney doctor called?

a. endocrinologist

b. nephrologist

c. hepatologist

d. perinatologist

Why Your Health Matters

Sugar Hill Retirement Community is named because it’s located on property once used to make maple syrup. Nutrition and exercise are emphasized, because they are the foundation of the active lifestyle enjoyed by our residents. Whether they’re enjoying a concert or lecture or taking the daily bus to Wolfeboro, our residents need to be healthy to take in planned activities. Stop by and see what’s going on at Sugar Hill.

Maintaining Your Health in Every Season

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